Leptospirosis

Image of a paper that says "leptosporosis".

Leptospirosis is a serious, life-threatening disease caused by a spiral shaped bacteria. Dogs, cats, other animals and even people can be infected through exposure to urine, bite wounds, ingestion of infected flesh, or contact with contaminated soil, water and even bedding. Certain environmental conditions can favor the bacteria: standing water, rain, floods and warm moist weather. Pets living under these conditions, especially those who live primarily outdoors or are used for activities like hunting or herding are at a higher risk of being infected. The bacteria can quickly spread through the body causing symptoms like fever, joint pain, excessive drinking and general malaise. Eventually the bacteria settle in the kidneys or liver where it rapidly multiplies leading to organ inflammation, organ failure and possibly death.

People infected with Leptospirosis show the same symptoms as pets: fever, joint pain, excessive drinking and general malaise. Most often people contract the disease when their mucous membranes or open wounds come into contact with the urine or other bodily fluids of an infected animal.

Repeated blood tests 2 to 4 weeks apart are recommended for diagnosis. This test detects the presence of antibodies the body produces after being exposed to the disease. Recent vaccination against leptospirosis can make diagnosis difficult as vaccines stimulate the body to create similar antibodies. New technology has made rapid tests available and sometimes urine can be used although this test is less sensitive. Samples of kidney tissue can be used but this is rarely done due to the need of an invasive procedure.

Fortunately, leptospirosis can be treated with a combination of antibiotics. If kidney function becomes seriously impaired, patients may need kidney dialysis; some patients need this only temporarily while others will need it for life.

Supportive care is crucial for pets that become extremely debilitated by the disease. Intravenous fluids help maintain blood flow through the damaged organs. Special precautions should be observed when cleaning up any urine or bodily fluids from an infected patient.

Leptospirosis is a zoonzotic disease and vaccinations are available. Unfortunately the leptospirosis vaccine has been linked to a high level of vaccine reactions and while reducing the severity of a dog's illness will not prevent them from becoming carriers of the disease. Therefore this vaccine is given only when deemed necessary after consultation with your veterinarian.

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Tuesday:

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Feedback from our clients

  • "Thank you so much for always being there for my pets. The Vets are amazing and the office staff is always friendly and compassionate. I am so thankful to have been able to have my animals treated by such a wonderful staff."
  • "My Chocolate Lab was attacked by 2 Pit Bulls and I didn't think He would survive. I got Him in the car, bleeding profusely, called Pacific Crest and Laura said "bring Him in". The poor dog had tubes in places I wouldn't dream of. His ears were torn in pieces and I had little hope for survival. Many more tales with both dogs and I would never think of going else where."
  • "Thank you for checking on my Baby love the staff very friendly Dr. Kelly is amazing too."
  • "Thank you for taking such good care of our Cleo!"
  • "I cannot say enough good things sbout the staff here. Took my 11 year old kitty in today for a severely infected abcess and they worked hard fixing him up. Everybody is so incredibly sweet and helpful! The price after treatment was very reasonable as well. Beautiful facility with the most caring and professional staff you'll ever encounter. My new vet clinic for all of my fur babies from now on"
  • "My kitties love Pacific Crest! We appreciate the TLC and especially the guidance when we've had to make end-of-life decisions for our pets. It's always tough but it helps when you have a vet who understands and loves cats as much as you do."
  • "Not only are they amazing with horses...they are awesome with your small, four legged friends. So caring and compassionate. I wouldn't take my pets anywhere else!"
    Tammy